Linus Benedict Torvalds is a Finnish software engineer known for pioneering the development of the Linux Kernel, a kernel used in the GNU / Linux operating system. This kernel is a derivative of the UNIX operating system family, released under the General Public License (GPL) license, and developed by programmers around the world. Linux is a prime example of free and open source software.
Linus Benedict Torvalds
Linus Benedict Torvalds was born in Helsinki, Finland, on December 28, 1969. He attended the University of Helsinki in 1988, graduating with a master's degree in computer science from a node research group. His academic career was interrupted after the first year of study following the Finland Army, choosing an 11-month officer training program to comply with Finnish military service. In the army he was a second lieutenant, with the role of ballistic counting officer.

In 1990, he continued his studies at the university of Helsinski. There he began to know programming C. To further deepen his knowledge, Linus bought a computer that at that time using MS-DOS made by Microsoft as its operating system. But, at that time Linus was more interested in his university's computer that uses UNIX operating system and recognize UNIX for the first time. It tries to develop an adequate operating system for UNIX PCs.

For months Linus and his friend Lars Wirzenius studied it. But they can only do it on campus. He finally began to glance at Minix, a Unix clone that can run on PCs, to help him deepen his understanding of Unix. The book he ordered Operating System, by Andre Tannenbaum, which contained the operating system writing exercises, also included Minix as his training materials.

Linux is inspired by Minix (the operating system developed by Andrew S. Tanenbaum) to develop Unix-like operating systems (Unix-like) that can run on a PC.

In April 1991 at the age of 21, Linus Benedict Torvalds began to think of a simple idea for an Operating System. It starts with a task switcher in Assembly x86 language on Intel 80386 and a Terminal driver. It distributes source code (source code) Linux kernel the size of a diskette over the internet.

The Linux kernel is the kernel used in the GNU / Linux operating system. This kernel is a derivative of the UNIX operating system family, released under the GNU General Public License (GPL) license, and developed by programmers around the world. Linux is a prime example of free and open source software.

The Linux kernel is released under the GNU General Public License version 2 (GPLv2), and is developed by contributors from around the world. The day-to-day development discussion is done in the Linux Kernel Mailing List. Linux Developers and Users are increasing rapidly, then they are adapting code from free software projects to use as new Operating Systems. The Linux kernel has received contributions from thousands of programmers. Many Linux distributions have been released based on the Linux Kernel.

Programmers from all over the world come together to repair Linux. Linus gradually sorted it all out and incorporated it into the latest release of Linux. What Linus has done can not be called a complete operating system, because all he builds is the kernel of the operating system. In order to really work, people need other programs like shell, compiler, library, and so on. And Linus pointed to the GNU-flagged software as an app that he often uses with Linux.

At the same time, Richard Stallman and his Free Software Foundation are indeed working on a complete operating system similar to Unix, but free. They named the project as GNU (GNU's not Unix). Unlike Linux, since 1984 they started by compiling various applications and libraries first. While the kernel itself.

GNU software users install Linux and integrate it with GNU software. For Stallman, it was a miracle that helped him in the free software struggle he conceived. His dream of free, self-contained software comes true thanks to Linux. That's how the GNU / Linux operating system was born.

Due to the openness of the source code, many developer groups have come up with all the features. One result is a change from the previous GNU / Linux operating system is difficult in its use to be user friendly. All that is possible thanks to the existence of various kinds of desktop in GNU / Linux like KDE, GNOME, Cinnamon, and others. Thanks to the variety of these interfaces, the Linux desktop look is more interesting and able to change the perception of the world about GNU / Linux.

When it was introduced, the Linux operating system did not have a logo. The developers wondered and suggested that Linux be given the logo as its identity. Then selected penguin Tux (Torvalds Unix) as the logo. The logo was designed by artist Larry Ewing.

The election of penguin logo based on Linus's experience while on vacation, he went to the south. There he meets a penguin biting his finger. This funny incident is the beginning penguin penguin as operating system logo creations.

Linus Benedict Torvalds had no idea what he had started giving birth to a multibillion-dollar business in the future. He did not even suspect that Linux became the most promising operating system that could be embedded into servers, desktop computers, tablet PCs, PDAs, mobile phones, GPS, robots, cars and NASA-made space shuttle.

According to Linus, what he does is to share. Unlike Richard M Stallman who is fanatical with the concept of free software, Linus only emphasized the openness (open), no matter what then in an operating system mixed with free software and proprietery.

The development of Linux can not be separated from the support of GNU so that software / programs free and open source widely available on Linux systems. GNU championed by Richard Stallman. Stallman and Linux Torvalds have been instrumental to the tech world.

Linus lives with his wife and 3 children on a hill in a village in Portland, Oregon, USA, adjacent to the Open Source Development Labs headquarters. This nonprofit organization is manned by 20s of programmers who have almost the same passion as Linus. They continue to develop the Linux kernel.

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