Before we discuss the elements of the weather and also the climate that becomes the main topic of conversation, it would be better if we discuss about the understanding of the weather and also the climate itself. Perhaps we've heard too often the word weather and also the climate in everyday life is not it? If we are going to do activities or plan a definite activity to consider one of them is weather. Because of the importance of the weather, there is a highly anticipated weather forecast report on the morning news and at a glance info and also running text that is on our television screen.

The weather itself is a state of air somewhere at a given moment. At all times, the weather in every place is different and always changing. While climate is the average state of air weather in the long term ranging from 10 to 30 years. Climate usually also covers a wider area than the weather. That's the understanding of weather and climate. Observations on the weather and also the climate in Indonesia are conducted by the Meteorological and Geophysical Observatory located in Jakarta. This Meteorological and Geophysical Observatory Agency has the task of investigating and recording weather conditions that include air temperature, air pressure, angina direction, wind speed, air humidity, level of resistance and also the state of rainfall.

Weather And Climate Elements
After knowing the notions of weather and climate, we will discuss the elements of the weather as well as the climate itself. Weather and climate have the same elements. Why do we need to learn about weather and climate elements? What are the benefits we will gain by studying weather and climate elements? Knowing about weather and climate elements will be very useful for us, such as for agriculture, aviation, shipping, and for the sake of launching objects into space.

Weather and climate are also composed of the same elements. The elements of the weather and also the climate include the following:

1. Radiation And Temperature
Elements of the weather and also the first climate is irradiation and also temperature. This irradiation will certainly be associated with sunlight reaching the earth. The process of the sun in shining the Earth is called insolation. Meanwhile, due to solar radiation on Earth, the Earth will experience a warming called radiation. While the temperature will be related to the air pressure that exists in a place. As we all know that the greatest source of radiation for the Earth is the sun. Sunlight has a very important role for the survival of life on Earth. Each hemisphere gets sunlight that varies from one to another. Much of the sunlight received by the Earth's surface is determined by the following factors:

a. Cloud State
Cloud state becomes a very important determinant factor for sunlight that will reach Earth. Cloud state will be the determinant of much sunlight to be received by the Earth's surface. When the clouds are cloudy or cloudy, some of the sun's heat will be absorbed by the cloud, so that the Earth's surface will not get maximum irradiation, and the temperature on the Earth's surface will be lower than any other region that gets maximum sun exposure.

b. Earth Surface Condition
Then the decisive factor of so much sunlight entering the Earth's surface is the state of the Earth's surface itself. Earth's surface plane consisting of land and sea also greatly affects the absorption of sunlight. The land will quickly become hot if exposed to sunlight by comparison with the oceans.

c. Angles Come To The Sun
In addition to cloud conditions and the Earth's surface, the angle of sun's exposure also affects the amount of sunlight entering the Earth's surface. When the sun is upright, then the angles of the sun come to light, so the heat that the Earth receives will increase. And when the sun is tilted, the angle of the sun is going to grow bigger, as the sun's heat that Earth receives will be less.

d. The Duration Of Solar Radiation
The duration of radiation from the sun also greatly affects much of the least heat that will be transferred to Earth. The sun is shining longer then it will provide more heat than the sun that fly only briefly. And if the heat received by Earth is more and more, then the air temperature on Earth is also increasing or higher.

These are some of the causes of much of the heat that Earth receives. Irradiation and also temperature are two very related things. Why? Due to exposure by the sun the more it will cause the temperature on the surface of the Earth is increasing. Then, is there a difference between heat reception from the sun by the Earth's mainland surface as well as the oceans?

It has been mentioned earlier that the plains will more quickly absorb heat than the oceans. During the day, the land will quickly become hot, but at night the land will quickly become cold. The state of varying temperatures can certainly be measured using a device called a thermometar.

2. Wind
Elements of the weather and also the next climate is wind. Wind is a moving air. Wind is the movement of the air caused by the temperature difference, which in turn leads to changes in air pressure until wind occurs. Air pressure will increase when the temperature is low, and the air pressure will drop when the temperature is high. The wind will move from a high pressure area to a low pressure area.

3. Air Humidity
The next element of weather and climate is humidity. The humidity of air is the least amount of water vapor in the air. This humidity will affect the deposition of water in the air and can also be clouds, fog, dew and rain. The humidity of the air in a place can be measured using a particular tool. A tool used to measure the humidity level of air in a place called hydrography. Air humidity itself consists of two kinds, namely relative humidity and absolute moisture.

4. Rainfall
The last element of weather and climate is rainfall. Rainfall itself is the level of rain that falls in an area. The rainy event itself is characterized by the dropping of water droplets from the clouds formed by the sun's radiation to the Earth's water sources such as the ocean or oceans, lakes, rivers, reservoirs and so on. The water in the water sources will evaporate and become water vapor. When the water vapor is increasingly rising due to the wind, then at a certain height the water vapor will turn into a cloud. And when the clouds rise, the clouds will saturate and release their water content as rain. The direction of rain in a region can be measured using a device called an obrometer.

Those are some elements of the weather and also the climate of this Earth. These elements always can we meet on this Earth, and will affect a wide variety of things on this Earth until the state of the Earth that can be felt by humans and other living creatures.

Climate Types
Once we know about the elements of weather and climate, it helps to know about the types of climate in the world. Geographical and also the location of atronomis, physiography. The environment and atmospheric conditions of an area affect the climate of a region. Basically the climate is divided into two kinds, namely the climate of the sun and also physical iiklim. Then the climate of the sun and also the physical climate will be divided into several more we know as the types of climate. Some types of climate in the world are as follows:

1. Climate Of The Sun
The climate of the sun is one of the basic types of climate. The basis for calculating the division of the sun's climate area is the position and shifting pseudo-sun that affects the amount of sunlight received by the Earth's surface. Since the sun always shifts between latitudes, there is a difference in irradiation on the surface of the Earth. Here is a division of climatic areas based on the location of latitude:

a. Tropical Climate
It is the hottest climate, where tropical climates get the most sunlight than any other type of climate. The tropical climate is an irradiating climate in an area located in an area of ​​23.5 ° N to 23.5 ° LS. Indonesia astronomically has an astronomical location located in this region, so that Indonesia experiences a tropical climate. The most viscous tropical climate feature has only two seasons, the rainy season and the dry season. Both take place each for 6 months alternately.

b. Sub Tropical Climate
It is a climate located in an area with latitude between 23.5 ° N to 40 ° N and between 23.5 ° LS to 40 ° LS. Unlike tropical climates, sub tropical climates get less solar heat. Sub-tropical climate also has not only two seasons like tropical climate, but has four seasons, namely summer, autumn, winter and spring.
c. Medium Climate It is a climate that belongs to an area located in latitudes between 40 ° N to 66.5 ° N and 40 ° N to 66.5 ° E. The climate is receiving less sunlight than tropical or sub-tropical climates.

d. Polar Climate
It is a climate that is possessed by the polar regions with the latitude of 66.5 ° N to 90 ° N and 66.5 ° LS to 90 ° LS. This polar climate is only owned by the north pole region and also the south pole. This polar climate is an ice climate in which there is only ice and snow everywhere. Not many living things survive in this climate, only certain animals and plants.

That's some kind of solar climate. Of the four types of climate above each has its own characteristics.

2. Physical Climate
The second type of climate other than the solar climate is the physical climate. Physical climate is a climate that the division is based on the facts or actual conditions in an area caused by the influence of its natural environment. Physical climate is divided into several types, namely as follows:

a. Sea Or Maritime Climate
Is a climate that is owned by areas that are in the area around the sea or have many marine areas. The climate of the sea is strongly influenced by the presence of sea breeze, so the temperature of the air in this climate-dependent region depends on sea conditions.

b. Climate Or Continental
The opposite of a marine climate is a terrestrial climate or a continental climate. This climate is shared by areas that are far away from the sea. This climate is also influenced by the existing conditions on land.

c. Plateau climate
Furthermore there is a highland climate. As the name implies, this climate is only owned by areas in the highlands. The plateau region has a cooler air temperature and also lower air pressure. Highland climate has cold air, consequently not all types of plants can live in this area. Only plants whose habitats in cold areas can live, such as tobacco, apples, strawberries and so forth.

d. Climate Mountain Or Mountains
Mountain climate or mountain climate is a climate that belongs to mountainous areas. Just like the highland climate, mountain climate also has a cold temperature and lower air pressure. It's just that this mountain climate is at a higher altitude than the plateau.

e. Climate Season Or Muson
The next climate is the seasonal climate or monsoon climate. This climate is a season-appropriate climate. And this is one type of physical climate.

That is some type of climate that is divided into two kinds, namely the climate of the sun and also the physical climate. These types of climate we need to know and learn to increase our knowledge and insight.

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