Tropical Rain Forest
Tropical rain forests are forests with leafy trees, are tropical (warm) and have high rainfall intensity. It makes the tropical rain forests a good place for the breeding of rare plants and animals. Flora and fauna that inhabit the forest ecosystem is very diverse. In addition, tropical rain forests also have an impact on the world's climate.

So many important functions of this type of tropical rain forest that its existence must be protected and preserved. In fact, the tropical rain forests are always damaged and the area has decreased in every year. Rainforest conservation is becoming quite difficult to do. How to conserve tropical rain forests requires cooperation from several parties, including the community, social organizations and government. Some things that can be done to preserve rain forest rainforest are:

1. Replanting of tropical rainforests
The first and most used way to conserve tropical rainforests is to reforest and rehabilitate forests. In rehabilitating the forest it is important to know how much damage the forest has had and how to rehabilitate the barren tropical rain. Although not all tropical rainforests can be replanted, there are some tropical rainforests that can recover after several trees have been cleared. Such natural recovery can be accelerated by helping to replant trees that have been felled.

Forest areas that can not be rehabilitated or replanted, usually will be used as agricultural land by the people around the forest. When residents living around the forest already have land to grow crops and become food sources, their hope is no longer logging trees in the forest. Thus the preservation of tropical rainforests can be maintained.

2. Enriched soil fertility in the forest
Land has an important role for forests. When the soil in the fertile tropical rain forest, the trees will easily grow back after the cutting. If the soil in the tropical rainforest is barren, then the regeneration of trees will last for a long time. Soil fertility can be enriched using the bones of dead animals as well as natural fertilizers derived from dried-up forest foliage.

3. Educate the public
In Indonesia itself there are many local people, especially tribes inland who do not understand about the important role of tropical rain. This can certainly lead to fraudulent logging and encroachment of tropical rainforests. In order for them to understand the role of tropical rainforests, it is necessary to educate the people around the forest.

People should know that tropical rain forests are an important part of life, be it human life as well as other living things. Tropical rainforests are also a source of clean water that must be preserved. In addition, tropical rain forests are a habitat or habitat for some endemic animals that can only live in certain areas. By educating the community, people hope to understand the importance of tropical rainforest and can play an active role in preserving it.

4. Reduce people's dependence on forests
Local communities around the forest usually depend on the forest directly. They feed on the forest and hunt in the forest. Although the hunts they do are not massive, it can still reduce the population of animals in the forest, especially protected animals.

Reducing people's dependence on forests can be done by improving their living standards. Improving their well-being is just as much as protecting the rainforest from damage. If the government does not play an active role in improving people's living standards, especially those living in the forest, it will not be easy to stop forest destruction. When stopping the destruction of tropical rain forests is difficult, then preserving the forest will also not be easy to do.

5. Make rain forests as nature reserves
The most effective way to preserve tropical rainforests is to make rain forests a protected nature reserve. Nature reserves can also be used as educational attractions (forest tours). By learning directly in nature, the community hopes to feel more and sensitive to the problems that occur in tropical rainforests.

Residents around the rainforest can also be used as managers of forest tourism because they are the ones who know best about the ins and outs of the forest. After receiving education on the importance of safeguarding the forests, local residents will be the frontline guarding the ecosystem of tropical rain forest. If the local population and society in general can synergize, it will be easier to realize the sustainability of tropical rainforest.

6. Protecting endangered species living in the forest
The existence of some animals affects the forest ecosystem. The animals are usually endangered carnivorous animals, such as tigers. In the food chain, the tiger will prey on deer or other herbivorous animals. This is related to the flow of energy in the ecosystem. If the tiger population is reduced or endangered, then the population of animals that become prey will increase.

The large population of herbivorous animals will affect plant life in tropical rainforests. Newly grown plants may die because herbivorous animals eat buds or young leaves. When it is left then the regeneration of rainforest will be hampered. Because of this, it is important to eliminate the animals in the rainforest to keep the forest ecosystem in balance.

7. Make laws protecting forests
The participation of legislative bodies to conserve tropical rainforests can be realized by legislation in favor of forest sustainability. The law should also address sanctions for parties deliberately damaging the forests. The security forces must also take firm action against those who violate the rules that have been made. All efforts can be realized if the community and social organizations also conduct supervision on the implementation of legislation that have been made.

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