You will often see photographs of great figures from Europe from the 17th or 18th centuries like physicist Isaac Newton, Montesqueiu lawyer, Blaise Pascal mathematician, King Ferdinand VI and others. In the painting, they look all wearing wigs aka wigs. Why is that? Are they bald or hairless?

If observed they are very identical appearance with long curly hair or just curls. Actually a lot of Europeans at that time who had real long hair, but many of them are apparently wearing wigs. In the 17th century to early 19th century the tradition of wearing wig is very popular in Europe, especially the nobility. The word 'Wig' itself also appeared in English only around 1675.

The use of wigs according to historical records has started there since ancient Roman times. Of course this wig is also popular among the European community. But since the fall of Rome, all forms of culture that many disappeared, including the use of wigs. Then, why the wig can return to bloom? The man who first contributed to the re-popularization of wigs in Europe at the time was King Louis XIII of France.

King Louis XIII had problems with his hair since he was born prematurely. The king used wigs since 1624 when he was only about 25 years old, in addition he also adds shoes with high heels to improve his appearance because he originally has a short body.

Finally, this new fashion trend became popular among other nobles including George I of the British Empire. Louis XIII's successor Louis XIV also adopted his father's dressed style which ultimately contributed to the wig dispersion in most European countries. At that time the wig is also used to indicate the status of a person, the greater the wig he uses the more he has a high position.

Generally the wig is made using horse hair, human hair, wool and others. Samuel Pepys once wrote that in the mid-seventeenth century there had been the confession of people using wigs. This is caused by a barber who shaves his own hair to make wigs. But then it was an outbreak of the disease caused by the wig. As a result, people are afraid to use wigs, and they think the wig makers wear dead hair material. Besides other weaknesses of the wig is a matter of comfort and quite heavy to wear. For someone who is bored with his wig, he can also sell it.

Beginning in the 19th century, the tradition of wearing wigs as a symbol of social status began to be abandoned, especially in the United States and France due to the events of the French Revolution. Counting only a few US presidents who use wigs, namely George Washington until the time of James Monroe. Furthermore, almost no longer the president of the United States who use a wig. But until then, the phenomenon of wigs has become one of the oldest and most bizarre fashion in European history. All because the Prrancis King has become self-conscious with their baldness.

The tradition of wearing this wig still survive until now, it's just a typical 17th century European wig is only used by British judges and prosecutors in the courtroom. Britain is still enforcing the rules of wig use for judges and prosecutors as cultural preservation. Even their clothes in the courtroom are still characteristic of the 17th century style.

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